Canada, along with nearly 200 other countries, signed the Paris Agreement in 2015, committing to taking action against climate change. The Paris Agreement is a legally binding international treaty that aims to limit global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels while pursuing efforts to limit the increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius.

Canada`s Paris Agreement commitments include reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 30 percent below 2005 levels by 2030, which is equivalent to a reduction of 225 megatons of carbon dioxide emissions. Canada has also committed to achieving net-zero emissions by 2050.

To meet these commitments, Canada has implemented a number of policies and initiatives. One of the most significant is the federal government`s plan to introduce a price on carbon. The carbon pricing system will apply to provinces and territories that do not already have a price on carbon, and will be set at a minimum of $20 per tonne of CO2 emissions in 2019, rising to $50 per tonne by 2022. The carbon pricing system is designed to encourage individuals and businesses to reduce their emissions by making it more expensive to emit greenhouse gases.

Canada has also invested in renewable energy, such as wind and solar power, and has committed to phasing out coal-fired power plants by 2030. The federal government has also introduced regulations to limit methane emissions from the oil and gas sector, which is a significant contributor to greenhouse gas emissions in Canada.

In addition to these policies, Canada has also committed to working with Indigenous communities to develop climate change adaptation and resilience strategies that take into account traditional knowledge and land-use practices. Canada has also established a Climate Adaptation and Resilience Expert Panel to provide advice on how to adapt to the impacts of climate change.

While Canada has made progress in reducing greenhouse gas emissions and meeting its Paris Agreement commitments, there is still much work to be done. Canada`s emissions are still among the highest in the world on a per capita basis, and the country continues to face criticism for its support of the fossil fuel industry. However, with continued investment in renewable energy and other climate change mitigation measures, Canada can continue to make progress toward a sustainable future.